Books and reports

Albro, S. (2019). Vacant to vibrant. Creating successful green infrastructure networks. 

Bishop, P., & Williams, L. (2012). The Temporary City. Routledge. 

Bowman, A. O., & Pagano, M. A. (2000). Vacant land in cities: an urban resource.

Brighenti, D. A. M. (2013). Urban interstices: the aesthetics and the politics of the in-between. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. 

CABE Space. (2008). Land in limbo: making the best use of vacant urban spaces. 

Centre for London. (2018). Meanwhile, in London: making use of London’s empty spaces.

Clark, S., Gregory, R., Mark, J. (2018). Learning from others. Four case studies of meanwhile land use: financial relationships, business models, partners, stakeholders, commercial arrangements and success.

CREW. (2015). Meanwhile use in Wales.

Elsheshtawy, Y. (2019). Temporary Cities. Resisting Transience in Arabia. Routledge 

Franck, K., & Stevens, Q. (2013). Loose space: possibility and diversity in urban life. Routledge.

Glick, D. (2012). Bottom-up urbanism: a survey of temporary use in Europe.

Goldstein, J., Jensen, M., & Reiskin, E. (2001). Urban vacant land redevelopment: challenges and progress. Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. 

Haydn, F., & Temel, R. (Eds.). (2006). Temporary urban spaces: concepts for the use of city spaces. Basel: Birkhauser. 

Hentilä, H.-L., Bengs, C., & Nagy, D. (2002). Urban Catalysts. Strategies for temporary uses - potential for development of urban residual areas in European metropolises. Analysis report. Helsinki University of Technology, Centre for Urban and Regional Studies.

Mallach, A. (2006). Bringing buildings back: from abandoned properties to community assets: a guidebook for policymakers and practitioners. Rutgers University Press.

Oswalt, P., Overmeyer, K., & Misselwitz, P. (2013). Urban Catalyst: the power of temporary use. Berlin: DOM Publishers. 

Oswalt, P., Overmeyer, K., Misselwitz, P., Malloy, J., Dobberstein, T., Haase, A., Gritllitsch, W. (2009). Pop up city. (T. Schwarz & S. Rugare, eds.). Cleveland, OH: Cleveland Urban Design Collaborative. 

Overmeyer, K. (Ed.). (2007). Urban pioneers: temporary use and urban development in Berlin. Berlin: Jovis. 

Rietveld, R. (Ed.). (2015). Vacancy studies: experiments and strategic interventions in architecture. Rotterdam: nai010 publishers. 

Regeneris Consulting. (2018). Pop Brixton Impact Evaluation.

Stealth. (2010). Constituting the Interim. STEALTH.unlimited. 

Stipo. (2012). The city at eye level. Delft: Eburon Academic Publishers.

Street Plans Collaborative. (2012). Tactical urbanism, short-term action, long-term change (Vol. 2). 

Studio Urban Catalyst. (2003). Urban Catalysts: strategies for temporary uses – potential for development of urban residual areas in European metropolises.

Ziehl, M., Osswald, S., Hasemann, O., & Schnier, D. (2012). Second hand spaces: recycling sites undergoing urban transformation. Distributed Art Pub Incorporated. 

8-80 Cities. (2016). Macon Connects: Findings from the world’s largest pop-up bike network.

Academic articles

Accordino, J., & Johnson, G. T. (2000). Addressing the vacant and abandoned property problem. Journal of Urban Affairs, 22(3), 301–315. 

Andres, L. (2013). Differential spaces, power hierarchy and collaborative planning: a critique of the role of temporary uses in shaping and making places. Urban Studies, 50(4), 759–775. 

Andres, L., & Grésillon, B. (2013). Cultural brownfields in European cities: a new mainstream object for cultural and urban policies. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 19(1), 40–62. 

Blumner, N. (2006). Planning for the unplanned: tools and techniques for interim use in Germany and the United States. Deutsches Institut für Urbanistik.

Colomb, C. (2012). Pushing the urban frontier: temporary uses of space, City Marketing, and the Creative City Discourse in 2000s Berlin. Journal of Urban Affairs, 34(2), 131–152.

Fassmann, H., & Hatz, G. (2006). Urban renewal in Vienna. In G. Enyedi & Z. Kovacs (Eds.), Social Changes and Social Sustainability in Historical Urban Centres. The Case of Central Europe. Pecs: Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Centre for Regional Studies.

Felipe Morandé, A. P. (2010). Determinants of urban vacant land evidence from Santiago, Chile. The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics.

Fezer, J., & Heyden, M. (2007). The ambivalence of participation and situational urbanism. Multitudes, 31(4), 83. 

Foo, K. (2015). Institutionalizing urban possibility: urban ecology & vacant land governance in three American cities. Presented at the Transience and Permanence in Urban Development Workshop, Sheffield, UK. 

Foster, J. (2014). Hiding in plain view: vacancy and prospect in Paris’ Petite Ceinture. Cities, 40, Part B, 124–132.

Frisk, R., Loulie, J., & Frisk, J. (2014). Temporary use 2.0. A tool for planning and developing the new urban context. Presented at the UHPH 2014 Conference - The 12th Australasian Urban History/Planning History, Wellington, New Zealand. 

Groth, J., & Corijn, E. (2005). Reclaiming urbanity: indeterminate spaces, informal actors and urban agenda setting. Urban Studies, 42(3), 503–526.

Havemann, A., & Schild, M. (2007). “You can use my tights” or: The phenomenon of temporary solutions. Landscape Research, 32(1), 45–55.

Hentilä, H.-L., & Lindborg, T. (2003). Central micro-peripheries: temporary uses of central residual spaces as urban development catalysts. RSA 2003 Congress. 

Honeck, T. (2015). Temporary uses as innovations of spatial planning? Presented at the Transience and permanence in urban development, Sheffield University.   

Lehtovuori, P., & Ruoppila, S. (2012). Temporary uses as means of experimental urban planning. SAJ - Serbian Architectural Journal. 

Mankus, M. (2015). Temporary strategies. Volume #43. 

Mikelbank, B. A. (2008). Spatial analysis of the impact of vacant, abandoned and foreclosed properties. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. 

Németh, J., & Langhorst, J. (2014). Rethinking urban transformation: temporary uses for vacant land. Cities, 40, Part B, 143–150.

Nisenbaum, M. (2008). Temporary uses and creativity: a study on interim appropriations of urban spaces in Berlin.

Orduña-Giró, P., & Jacquot, S. (2015). The participatory production of temporary public spaces in times of crisis. The “Pla Buits” project in Barcelona. Metropolitics.

Pradel, B. (2012). Temporary urbanism: signifying "issue-areas" to rebuild the city. Presses Universitaires de Rennes. 

Pradel, B. (2013). Under the cobblestones, Paris Beach. Métropolitiques. 

Urban Design Group. (2012). Temporary urbanism. Urban Design 122. 


Croydon meanwhile use toolkit. (n.d.)

URBACT. (2016). REFILL. Reuse of vacant spaces as driving force for innovation on local level.

URBACT. (2016). REFILL. A journey through temporary use.

Wikiblok. (n.d.) Toolkit of designs for benches, chairs, planters, stages, bus stops, beer garden fences, and kiosks. 


Barett, T. (2019). Why a forgotten site in Manchester is finally proving fertile ground for regeneration. New Start.  

Barett, T. (2019). Scheme launched to turn empty shops into community hubs. New Start.  

Edemariam, A. (2019). ‘Meanwhile spaces’: the empty shops becoming a creative force across the country. The Guardian. 

Harris, E., & Nowicki, M. (2015). Cult of the temporary: is the pop-up phenomenon good for cities? The Guardian. 

Lambeth Council. (2018). Positive impact of Pop Brixton leads to two-year lease extension by Lambeth Council. 

Lock, H. (2019). Is ‘meanwhile use’ in London a lifeline for creatives or trojan horse for gentrification? New Start. 

Parton, H. (2017). Meanwhile spaces: Buildings in transition. onoffice.


Planning Geek. (2019). Temporary buildings and uses.

Pop Up Shop Insurance. Commercial insurance for retail.

URBACT. (2018). Temporary use for dummies.

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